Civil War And Reconstruction Era
Irreconcilable sectional conflict regarding of and ultimately led to the . With the of , conventions in thirteen slave states declared secession and formed the , while the federal government ” rel=”nofollow”> Union”) maintained that secession was illegal. In order to bring about this secession, military action was initiated by the secessionists, and the Union responded in kind. The ensuing war would become the deadliest military conflict in American history, resulting in the deaths of approximately 618,000 soldiers as well as many civilians. The Union initially simply fought to keep the country united. Nevertheless, as casualties mounted after 1863 and Lincoln delivered his , the main purpose of the war from the Union’s viewpoint became the abolition of slavery. Indeed, when the Union ultimately won the war in April 1865, each of the states in the defeated South was required to ratify the , which prohibited slavery except as . Two other amendments were also ratified, ensuring citizenship for blacks and, at least in theory, voting rights for them as well.
Southern white Democrats, calling themselves “”, took control of the South after the end of Reconstruction, beginning the . From 1890 to 1910, the Redeemers established so-called , most blacks and some poor whites throughout the region. Blacks would face nationwide, especially in the South. They also occasionally experienced vigilante violence, including .
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Cold War And Civil Rights Era
After World War II, the United States and the competed for power, influence, and prestige during what became known as the , driven by an ideological divide between and . They dominated the military affairs of Europe, with the U.S. and its allies on one side and the Soviet Union and its allies on the other. The U.S. developed a policy of towards the expansion of communist influence. While the U.S. and Soviet Union engaged in and developed powerful nuclear arsenals, the two countries avoided direct military conflict.
The United States often opposed movements that it viewed as Soviet-sponsored and occasionally pursued direct action for against left-wing governments, occasionally supporting authoritarian right-wing regimes. American troops fought communist and forces in the of 19501953. The Soviet Union’s 1957 launch of the and its 1961 launch of the initiated a “” in which the United States became the first nation to in 1969. The United States became increasingly involved in the , introducing combat forces in 1965.
The launch of a “” expanded entitlements and welfare spending, including the creation of and , two programs that provide health coverage to the elderly and poor, respectively, and the and .
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Civil War And Gilded Age
During the , Indianapolis was mostly loyal to the cause. , a major supporter of , quickly made Indianapolis a rallying place for troops. On February 11, 1861, Lincoln arrived in the city, en route to for his , marking the first visit from a president-elect in the city’s history. On April 16, 1861, the first orders were issued to form Indiana’s first regiments and establish Indianapolis as a headquarters for the state’s volunteer soldiers. Within a week, more than 12,000 recruits signed up to fight for the Union.
Indianapolis became a major logistics hub during the war, establishing the city as a crucial military base. Between 1860 and 1870, the city’s population more than doubled. An estimated 4,000 men from Indianapolis served in 39 regiments, and an estimated 700 died during the war. On May 20, 1863, Union soldiers attempted to disrupt a statewide Democratic convention at Indianapolis, forcing the proceedings to be adjourned, sarcastically referred to as the . Fear turned to panic in July 1863, during into southern Indiana, but Confederate forces turned east toward , never reaching Indianapolis. On April 30, 1865, Lincoln’s funeral train made a stop at Indianapolis, where an estimated crowd of more than 100,000 people passed the assassinated president’s at the .
European Exploration And Settlement Prior To 1800
Carte de la Louisiane et du cours du Mississipi
French explorers and explored the in 1673. Marquette soon after founded a mission at the in . In 1680, French explorers under and constructed a fort at the site of present-day , and in 1682, a fort atop in today’s Starved Rock State Park. French Empire came south to settle particularly along the Mississippi River, and Illinois was part of first , and then of until 1763, when it passed to the British with their defeat of France in the . The small French settlements continued, although many French migrated west to and , to evade British rule.
A few British soldiers were posted in Illinois, but few British or American settlers moved there, as the Crown made it part of the territory reserved for Indians west of the Appalachians, and then part of the . In 1778, claimed for . In a compromise, Virginia ceded the area to the new United States in the 1780s and it became part of the , administered by the federal government and later organized as states.
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Steak N Shake To Auction 15 Locations 3 In Michigan
Steak n Shake is auctioning off 15 of its locations that were closed in the past 12 months. Three of the properties are in Michigan. The bid deadline is Aug. 31, 2020.Keen-Summit Capital Partners
Steak n Shake will auction off 15 of its locations this month, including three in Michigan.
The company closed the restaurants at the available properties in the past 12 months, according to a news release announcing the auction.
Keen-Summit Capital Partners and NAI Global were hired to run the sale with a bid deadline of Aug. 31 and auction date of Sept. 4. Additional properties are expected to come available in another auction in September.
Many of these locations are virtually turn-key with much of the restaurant equipment available within the building, said Harold Bordwin, principal and managing director at Keen-Summit.
All the buildings are free-standing with a drive-thru. The minimum bid is $367,000 per property.
The properties are in Alabama, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Missouri, Ohio, Pennsylvania and Texas, and range between 3,734-7,041 square feet.
The Michigan properties are as follows:
- 1917 Pipestone Road, Benton Harbor 7,041 square feet on 1.45 acres
- 17200 Middlebelt Road, Livonia 3,856 square feet on 3.89 acres
- 32751 Concord Ave., Madison Heights 4,348 square feet on 1.35 acres
For more information on the Benton Harbor location, contact Josh Jacobs, NAI Wisinski of West Michigan, at 269-459-0430 or .
Steak N Shake Permanently Closes 51 Company Stores
Parent Biglari Holdings cited adverse effect of COVID-19.
Steak n Shake permanently closed 51 company-owned units in the first quarter as sales and traffic continue to decline.
Six franchises closed their doors in the quarter, as well.
In an SEC filing, Biglari Holdings, which also owns Western Sizzlin and holds about 9 percent of Cracker Barrel, said the COVID-19 pandemic had an adverse effect on our restaurant operations, thereby resulting in the evaluation of company-operated restaurants for recoverability.
Biglari recorded a $10.3 million impairment charge in Q1 due to the closures and the expected impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the future operating performance of other company-operated restaurants.
The closures come amid Steak ‘n Shakes ongoing strategy to turn over its company-owned units to single-unit franchise partners for an investment of $10,000. As part of the deal, the company charges the restaurant up to 15 percent of sales to lease the unit and equipment and the franchise partner gets 50 percent of the restaurant’s profits. The plan was first announced in August 2018.
At the end of 2019, 107 company-owned units were temporarily closed as Steak ‘n Shake looked for franchise partners. The 51 permanent closures in Q1 account for almost half of that total.
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Law Enforcement And Crime
Law enforcement in the United States is primarily the responsibility of local police departments and ‘s offices, with providing broader services. such as the and the have specialized duties, including protecting , and enforcing ‘ rulings and federal laws. State courts conduct most criminal trials while handle certain designated crimes as well as certain appeals from the state criminal courts.
A cross-sectional analysis of the Mortality Database from 2010 showed that United States homicide rates “were 7.0 times higher than in other high-income countries, driven by a gun homicide rate that was 25.2 times higher.” In 2016, the U.S. murder rate was 5.4 per 100,000.
The United States has the and in the world. As of 2020, the reported that there were some 2.3 million people incarcerated. According to the , the majority of inmates held in federal prisons are convicted of drug offenses. The imprisonment rate for all prisoners sentenced to more than a year in state or federal facilities is 478 per 100,000 in 2013. About 9% of prisoners are held in , a practice beginning in the 1980s and a subject of contention.
Steak ‘n Shake Is Franchising Company
We are honoring our heritage as a classic American brand by providing a path to achieving the American Dream. Do you have a successful track record in business leadership with proven positive results? Steak n Shake is seeking entrepreneurial Franchise Partners with vision, passion and an unwavering desire to take hold of the American Dream.
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Civil War And Late 19th Century Industry
During the , Indiana became politically influential and played an important role in the affairs of the nation. Indiana was the first western state to mobilize for the United States in the war, and soldiers from Indiana participated in all the war’s major engagements. The state provided 126 infantry regiments, 26 batteries of artillery and 13 regiments of cavalry to the .
In 1861, Indiana was assigned a of 7,500 men to join the . So many volunteered in the first call that thousands had to be turned away. Before the war ended, Indiana had contributed 208,367 men. Casualties were over 35% among these men: 24,416 lost their lives and over 50,000 more were wounded. The only Civil War conflicts fought in Indiana were the , a bloodless capture of the city and the , which occurred during leaving 15 dead, 40 wounded, and 355 captured.
After the war, Indiana remained a largely agricultural state. Post-war industries included mining, including limestone extraction meatpacking food processing, such as milling grain, distilling it into alcohol and the building of wagons, buggies, farm machinery, and hardware. However, the in the 1880s in northern Indiana led to an economic boom: the abundant and cheap fuel attracted the availability of jobs, in turn, attracted new settlers from other parts of the country as well as from Europe. This led to the rapid expansion of cities such as , , Indianapolis, and .
Indiana Counties And Statistical Areas
Indiana is divided into 92 . As of 2010, the state includes 16 and 25 , 117 incorporated cities, 450 towns, and several other smaller divisions and statistical areas. and Indianapolis have a .
Indianapolis is the capital of Indiana and its largest city. Indiana’s four largest metropolitan areas are , , , and . The table below lists the state’s twenty largest municipalities based on the 2019 United States Census Estimate.
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Primary And Secondary Schools
Education is compulsory for ages 717 in Illinois. Schools are commonly, but not exclusively, divided into three tiers of primary and secondary education: elementary school, or , and high school. District territories are often complex in structure. Many areas in the state are actually located in two school districtsone for high school, the other for elementary and middle schools. And such districts do not necessarily share boundaries. A given high school may have several elementary districts that feed into it, yet some of those feeder districts may themselves feed into multiple high school districts.
Steak N Shake Wants To Sell 400 Corporate Stores For Cheap
flickr: George Thomas
Steak n Shake isnt fooling around with its refranchising plans. The company announced August 13 its looking to deal its 400-plus company units , to would-be entrepreneurs who want to be hands-on, single-unit owner-operators for a paltry initial investment of $10,000. For comparison, the initial franchise fee for a Taco Bell operator is $45,000. Its $30,000 at Blaze Pizza. Per franchise disclosure documents, the initial investment for a classic Steak ‘n’ Shake runs between $1.6$2.6 million.
I started my company with $15,000 and built a thriving enterprise, said Sardar Biglari, CEO of Biglari Holdings, owner of Steak n Shake, in a statement. I want to provide an opportunity to other entrepreneurs who are highly motivated to excel but lack the financial means. What will be important to become a franchisee is not great capital but great ability. We are seeking to harness the power of entrepreneurs and to create a company of owners.
Steak n Shake added that the offering to buy into the company as a franchise partner requires operators to successfully complete a six-month training program. The franchise partner would then get 50 percent of the restaurant’s profits. This is a partnership, shared-profit deal similar to the system Chick-fil-A deploys.
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Income Wealth And Poverty
Accounting for 4.24% of the , Americans collectively possess 29.4% of the world’s total wealth, the largest percentage of any country. The U.S. also ranks first in the number of and in the world, with 724 billionaires and 10.5 million millionaires as of 2020. Prior to the 20192021 global , listed some 18.6 million U.S. citizens as having a net worth in excess of $1 million. The ranked the U.S. number one for food affordability and overall food security in March 2013. Americans on average have more than twice as much living space per dwelling and per person as residents. For 2017 the ranked the United States 13th among 189 countries in its and 25th among 151 countries in its .
, like income and taxes, is the richest 10% of the adult population possess 72% of the country’s household wealth, while the bottom half possess only 2%. According to the Federal Reserve, the top 1% controlled 38.6% of the country’s wealth in 2016. In 2017, found that just three individuals held more money than the bottom half of the population. According to a 2018 study by the OECD, the United States has a larger percentage of low-income workers than almost any other developed nation, largely because of a weak system and lack of government support for at-risk workers. The accounted for 52 percent of the income gains from 2009 to 2015, where income is defined as market income excluding government transfers.
Primary And Secondary Education
Nine public school districts serve Indianapolis residents, the largest being . The other eight public school districts are , , , , , , , and . Two state-supported located in the city include the and .
IPS has an annual enrollment of about 32,000 students attending 59 schools. In 2015, IPS began contracting with charter organizations and nonprofit school managers to operate failing district schools as innovation schools. About 37% of IPS students are enrolled in 20 innovation schools, which are run independently but accountable to the Board of School Commissioners, with the remaining 63% of students attending 39 neighborhood or magnet schools. About 18,000 students are enrolled in tuition-free Mayor-Sponsored Charter Schools , as authorized by the Indianapolis Mayor’s Office of Education Innovation and Indianapolis Charter School Board.
There are dozens of private, parochial, and independent charter schools operating throughout the city. and Christian primary and secondary schools are most prevalent.
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Literature Philosophy And Visual Art
In the 18th and early 19th centuries, American art and literature took most of its cues from Europe, contributing to . Writers such as , , , and established a distinctive American literary voice by the middle of the 19th century. and poet were major figures in the century’s second half , virtually unknown during her lifetime, is now recognized as an essential American poet. A work seen as capturing fundamental aspects of the national experience and charactersuch as ‘s , Twain’s , ‘s and ‘s may be dubbed the “.”
In the visual arts, the was a mid-19th-century movement in the tradition of European . The 1913 in New York City, an exhibition of European , shocked the public and transformed the U.S. art scene., , and others experimented with new, individualistic styles. Major artistic movements such as the of and and the of and developed largely in the United States. The tide of modernism and then has brought fame to American architects such as , , and . Americans have long been important in the modern artistic medium of , with major photographers including , , , and .