Why Are These Steaks So Expensive
Relative to the size of the steer, these premium cuts are only a small percentage, which contribute to their premium prices.
Since theyre expensive, its really worth knowing how each one is different so you buy the one that you like the best! Do you like big beefy flavor, or is the tenderest cut your favorite? Heres everything you need to know about each cut so that you make a wise choice.
Whats The Ideal Temperature For A Ribeye
The desired temperature of a ribeye steak, like any cut of beef, is also truly a matter of personal preference. As a general guideline, cuts of meat with very little fat, like a filet mignon, can be enjoyed at rarer temperatures. A marbled cut with more fat content like a ribeye steak is generally ordered at or above medium rare. Some loyal Prime ribeye fans boast that medium rare plus between medium rare and medium is an optimum temperature range for this prized cut of beef.
Skip The Guessing Altogether
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Check out our selection of tomahawk ribeye, American Wagyu boneless strip steaks, and other cuts that you cant find in most restaurants. We age our steaks to perfection, flash-freeze them to maintain their freshness, and then send them on their way to your home for you to enjoy. Ready to try our steaks for yourself? Start here.
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How To Use A Meat Thermometer
Since the best way to determine when a steak is done is by checking the internal temperature of the meat, using an instant-read thermometer is key. To test for the correct temperature, stick the thermometer probe in the thickest part, away from fat, bone, or gristle. It’s important to keep in mind that the meat will continue cooking with residual heat even after it’s removed from the grill, by about 5 degrees. So if you’re going for a final internal temperature of 160 F, remove the steak from the heat at about 155 F, give or take.
How Well Is Your Steak Cooked
Every time you go to a steak house, once you are done deciding what type of steak you want, the next question is always about what temperature you want your steak to be.
Thats right. Different types of steaks are cooked differently according to various frying and temperature degrees. Thus hugely depends on the size and shape of the steak cut and also the method of preparation.
It is also about personal preferences. While some people love to see a slightly pink center in their steaks, others prefer a browner than a pink-colored steak. However, there is some science behind steak cooking styles and temperatures, which says that the more cooked the beef is, the tastier it will be.
Below is a list of steak temperatures that primarily decide how well your piece of steak is cooked.
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What Part Of The Cow Does Steak Come From
Lets take a look at the cow diagram above. All four of these steaks come from a few muscles in the same general area toward the top of the steer: the short loin, tenderloin, and the ribs. These muscles arent exercised very much or contain a lot of connective tissues that need to be cooked for a long time to be broken down.
As a result, these steaks are much more tender than other cuts of beef, and fast cooking and intense heat are all thats needed to char and brown the outside of these meats while the inside can be eaten as rare as you like. They also contain lots of marbling, which makes them delicious for cooking.
Cuts Of Steak To Test And Love
Filet Mignon: This is considered the peak of luxury for many diners. The tender, soft texture of a medium-rare filet could be cut with a spoon . Filet is the ideal choice if you prefer little to no fat and a hearty, mild flavor.
Ribeye: This is a favorite at Valley Smoke. We serve our 14-ounce ribeye with housemade horseradish sauce and your favorite potato side. This cuts marbled fat is what makes this craveable cut a winner in our books.
Flank: While this may be far cheaper than the other two on the list, flank steak is packed with flavor. You need to know two things before you cook this cut never cook past medium-rare and always thinly slice against the grain. The volume of this fibrous cut makes it the perfect choice for a crowd.
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For Peak Flavor And Juiciness Choose Medium Rare
So what exactly is wrong with well-done steak, anyway? According to The Spruce Eats, getting the interior of a steak that hot hardens the muscle fibers and burns off a steak’s juices. Some chefs will tell you the ideal temperature to order is medium rare. It “maintains the most flavor and it keeps the juice in the meat,” the founder of the BLT Steak chain told the New York Post. While it may not seem like much, that 25-degree temperature difference can change a cut of meat from tender and pink to brown, chewy, and dry closer to shoe leather than a steak.
A thread on Reddit suggests that some people have the mistaken belief that any redness inside a steak is a sign the meat isn’t fully cooked and may make you sick. The U.S. Department of Agriculture tells us it’s safe to eat steaks at lower temperatures, while hamburger patties and ground beef, in general, should be cooked well done. That’s because there’s a chance that bacteria has been mixed into the inside of a burger patty .
The Perfect Steak For You
Steaks fall into two categories. They either have great flavour or they have tenderness it is rare for both qualities to go together. The golden rule for cooking steak in general is to sear over a really high heat, then cook to your liking and rest for four or five minutes to let the muscles relax and flavours enhance. And, remember, anything from the front or rear of the animal needs to cook for longer than cuts from the middle, which is much more tender. Read on to find out what steak suits you best.
The inquisitive foodies’ steak. This is not a well-known cut. It comes from the shoulder blade, so there are only two in every cow, and is small, but packs lots of sweet flavour and should only ever be cooked rare or else it will toughen. It is not at all expensive.
The City boy or snob’s steak. From the middle back, this has a good size and is well marbled with tasty fat, but lacks true depth of flavour. It is eaten more than it used to be because modern butchers hang it to add beefy flavour. Expensive, tender and juicy, it is beginning to be sold on the bone a little more, which also adds flavour. As always, flash fry or griddle sadly grills at home aren’t hot enough these days for cooking steaks, only restaurant salamanders will do the trick.
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Doneness Of Meat: The Gradations
When a waiter asks how you want your steak cooked, he or she is referring to the degree of the cut’s doneness. When meat is raw, it is pink, juicy and soft to the touch. As it cooks, however, it undergoes an oxidation and protein denaturation process that makes the meat turn brown and become firmer. If it’s overcooked, the meat can become tough, but when it’s cooked properly, it can be various degrees of color and juiciness. These gradations in the cooked state of the steak are its “doneness.” These are the most typical degrees of doneness for a steak:
- Rare: A rare steak is lightly cooked with a core temperature of 125 to 130 degrees Fahrenheit. It is soft and especially juicy with a red center.
- Medium-Rare: Slightly firmer than a rare steak with an internal temperature of 130 to 140 degrees, medium-rare steaks are still juicy and relatively soft with a warm red center.
- Medium: With a temperature of 140 to 150 degrees, a medium steak is pink but not red and reasonably firm.
- Medium-Well: With a temperature of 150 to 155 degrees, a medium-well steak is well-browned while still maintaining a pink, juicy center.
- Well-Done: At 160 degrees, a well-done steak is brown, fully-cooked and firm throughout with no red or pink.
While some restaurants will serve steaks extra-rare or overcooked, these gradations of doneness are your best options for a delicious steak.
Here’s Why You Should Never Order Your Steak Well Done
How do you like your steak? According to Longhorn Steakhouse, about 12 percent of customers ask for their steak to be cooked well done . But if chefs made that decision for you, then hardly anybody would see a steak with all the pink cooked out.
You might argue that a steak’s temperature about 160 degrees for well done, and 135 degrees for medium rare is a matter of personal choice. If people like their steaks well done, shouldn’t they feel free to order it that way? Restaurant staff isn’t going to tell you that you’re wrong if you ask for your steak well done, and in most cases, they’ll go ahead and make it for you. But to some chefs, well done isn’t a temperature. It’s overcooked. “Personally, I think serving bad food is not OK and that overcooking anything shouldn’t be done,” Chicago restaurant owner Nick Kokonas told The Takeout. Kokonas added, “Some things are personal preference and in the case of a basic steak, sure, burn it if the customer prefers that.”
Some restaurants might try to steer their well-done-loving customers in another direction. The general manager of 3rd Street Tavern in St. Peter, Minnesota, told The Takeout, “Our smoked chicken is fantastic, so if we can get somebody into that versus a well-done steak, we’ll try to take that opportunity.”
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What Is Angus Beef
Angus refers to the breed of cattle the beef comes from. Most beef in the United States comes from Angus cattle, so the hamburger you ate for dinner last night was likely Angus beef. Youve probably seen beef marketed as Certified Angus Beef. Its just a marketing device used by the American Angus Association to promote the idea that Angus beef is superior to that which comes from other cattle breeds. To qualify as Certified Angus Beef the beef must come from 51% Black Angus cattle and meet 10 criteria that include the age of the cattle at harvest, the quality of the cows muscling, the thickness of the meats fat, and its degree of marbling.
Knowing your beef is Certified Angus does give you a guarantee of decent quality. But you probably shouldnt worry that much whether your beef is Angus or not it most likely is and even if it isnt, you probably wont notice much of a difference.
Types Of Beef Cuts You Can Order
Cuts refer to the source of the meat part of the cow. Without plunging into too many details, a cow has six major segments, the round, loin, rib, chuck, brisket, and flank. Tender cuts come from the loin and are more costly than other firm cuts. The following four types of steak are popular among meat-lovers:
Tenderloin or the Chateaubriand: Comes from the short loin and sirloin located at the sides of the cow near its hind legs. It has no bones , and you cut through like a hot knife through butter. Its best roasted or pan fried with butter and cooks much faster than other cuts. Due to its mild taste, it always accompanied with red wine.
New York Strip: Also called the top sirloin or strip Its also a fillet cut from the area above the ribs has moderate fat content. Its less tender than the tenderloin, but has a stronger flavour and beefy aroma. It is also the most commonly used cut since it is easy to cook and eat.
Porterhouse or T-Bone: Comes from the loin with a T-shaped bone. This type is larger than other cuts and easy to identify. It also lies at the intersections of two parts of the cow you get a tender fillet one side of the bone and a more firm cut on the other side. The best way to cook the cut is by grilling, since the bone makes it difficult to pan fry.
Now youre armed with the information to choose the right cut you can now tell the waiter the type of cut you want.
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What Makes A Delicious Steak
As soon as you bite into that sizzling piece of meat, if there is an explosion of flavor in your mouth, and the tenderness of the meat simply blows you away, you know it is going to be an amazingly delectable meal.
There are two key characteristics that give a good steak its due excellence: flavor and tenderness.
What About Japanese Beef
Given that these terms have also risen to greater popularity in recent years, lets aim to answer the question of what characteristics are displayed by Kobe and Wagyu beef, and whether or not these Japanese cuts are worth your money. Stated simply, Kobe is a Japanese black cattle breed more specifically, one of the Tajima substrain. It is fed on grain fodder, with a feeding period which is considerably longer than in the US . Kobe beef also has a much higher degree of intramuscular fat, the melting point of which is also much lower by comparisonmeaning that when you eat it, it melts in your mouth like butter.
A marbling guide to Japanese steaks.
Authentic Japanese Kobe beef at the Wynn
In our experience, Kobe beef is so fatty that you really dont need more than two to three ounces per serving personally, I once had it when I was in Japan, and its an entirely different experience from an American steak. I wouldnt even call it the same thingits really more like flavorful butter rather than the steak experience that youre used to. So, should you buy the American Wagyu or Kobe beef that is advertised all over the place? Just keep in mind that its a crossbreed, and while it usually results in a higher amount of fat, its not regulated, so you really dont know what youre getting unless you can trust the source.
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If You’re With A Large Party Order A Magnum Bottle Of Wine
The more marbled the steak, the bolder the wine should be. “Nothing pairs better with a ribeye than a big, rich California Cabernet Sauvignon,” notes Owen. And although magnums can seem intimidating, or out of ones price range, they’re actually a deal. A magnum of wine is the equivalent of eight glasses, while a three-liter equates to 16 glasses. For a party of four or eight, these are the perfect size bottles if your guests can handle two glasses each. Wine ages beautifully in a larger format bottle, and you’ll enjoy the extra sense of ceremony when it’s brought to your table.
Some Cuts Should Be Cooked More Thoroughly Anna Hoychuk/shutterstock The Key To Ordering A Good Steak Is Knowing The Difference Between Cuts
Of course, deploying this tip depends on having a solid knowledge of the different cuts of steak. Steak cuts are a way of distinguishing from which part of the cow the steak has come.
“All cuts are different, even though they come from the same animal. The difference comes down to how some muscles are worked harder than others,” executive chefJacques Qualin of J& G Steakhouse in Scottsdale told INSIDER.
“That’s also why different cuts are used for different types of cooking, like grilling and roasting versus stewing and braising,” he added.
Leaner cuts tend to come from body parts where the muscle is more developed, such as the shoulder or shank. Fattier cuts originate from less muscular areas like the loin.
Generally, you can expect tenderloin, flat iron, flank, strip, filet mignon, and hanger cuts will be leaner. Ribeye, Denver, and top loin trips tend to be more marbled. Porterhouse steaks often fall somewhere in the middle.
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Measure The Marbling The Usda Grading Scale
A huge factor to consider when buying a steak is the amount of marbling, which is basically the amount of intramuscular fat. The marbling of steak can vary considerably depending on the cut you choose as well as the quality level of beef that you get. In the United States, the USDA has a grading system for beef thats pretty universal there are three main categories: USDA Select, Choice, and Prime. These three grading categories are simply based on the amount of marbling present in the beef. USDA Select is considered to be the lowest grade of steak you can get, but its therefore also the leanest one.
A handy infographic breaking down the USDA grading system.
Approximately 40% of all steaks are categorized as USDA Select. The next class up is USDA Choice, which will already have a higher degree of fine marbling visible large chunks of fat are undesirable, because they wont melt when you grill or sear a steak. Choice is the only category that is further sub-categorized into three: these sub-categorizations are small marbling, moderate marbling, and modest marbling. Small marbling represents approximately 37% of all steaks, modest marbling approximately 15%, and moderate marbling approximately 5%. Reigning supreme at the top of the USDA scale is the Prime steak. Its the most flavorful choice, having the largest amount of marbling. Only about 3% of all steaks are graded as USDA Prime.