Dry Aged Ribeye Steak Versus Wet Aged Ribeye Steak
In this guide we will be dry aging the Ribeye using a UMAi Dry Aging bag kit and a vacuum sealer.
The process is simple: wash the Ribeye thoroughly with cold water and pat it dry with paper towels. Once the meat is dry, place it in a dry aging bag. To keep the bag opening clean, roll it up like a sleeve before putting the meat inside. Meat residue might impact the quality of the seal, which you definitely dont want.
Once the ribeye is in the dry aging bag, its time to seal it. Depending on the size of your vacuum sealer, you might want to make two sideways seals to make the opening narrower to fit. If you have a FoodSaver-type channel sealer, use a VacMouse adapter strip while making the final seal. Make sure to push out any air bubbles while the air is being sucked out. Once done, let the bag sit for a few minutes to make sure there are no leaks.
Place the ribeye in a fridge with good air circulation for 21-28 days. At the end of the process, the meat should be significantly darker and quite hard. Remove the bag, and cut off all of the tough crust that has formed on the outside- separate into individual steaks before removing the crust to make life easier. You should only have deep red, tender meat left.
Now, the moment weve all been waiting for: Dry aged ribeye steak vs. Wet aged ribeye steak, facing off on the grill. Both steaks were hit with the same steak seasoning and reverse seared to medium doneness, then basted with butter and garlic.
With Careful Attention And Patience It’s Possible To Dry Age Beef At Home For Steaks With Unparalleled Flavor And Tenderness
Dry-aged beef in a cast iron skillet. Damn, that looks good. This is the only method I know of that’ll get you that steakhouse-quality charring without the benefit of a grill or an 1,800°F broiler.
Sometimes I get emails from readers that say something along the lines of “You said in article X one thing, then, a couple years later, in article Y, you said almost the complete opposite. What gives? Don’t you believe in science, and doesn’t science deal in facts?”
There’s only one kind of science that isn’t open to contradicting itself: the bad kind. Science needs to be open to accepting and considering contradictory evidence and redefining “facts,” by definition. Heck, if new theories weren’t allowed to be formed and conclusions debunked with further experimentation, we’d still believe in crazy things like spontaneous generation, static universes, or even that searing meat seals in juices. And then where would we be today?
I bring this up because, a few weeks back, I went through great pains to test and explain precisely why you cannot dry-age meat at home, no way, nohow. Today, I’m going to explain to you exactly how you can dry-age at home, how relatively simple it is, and how it can vastly improve the eating quality of your steaks and roasts until they are better than what you can buy at even the best gourmet supermarket.*
*And, unlike many sources that claim similar results, I actually have the blind taste tests to prove it!
The Science Of Dry Aging: The Ultimate Guide
Does the idea of eating old beef disgust you? Well, it shouldnt, because its actually a good thing. Heres everything you need to know about dry aging beef.
Lets talk about the elephant in the room, why do we age beef in the first place?
Aging is a common technique used to improve two major characteristics taste and tenderness. As nasty as it sounds, the process of aging meat is essentially a decomposition process that is carefully controlled so meat doesnt spoil.
Technically speaking, theres a lot of methods of aging ranging from dry-aging, wet-aging, butter-agingwith varying results.
For the sake of completion, we are going to talk about, wet, dry and butter-aging.
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What Is The Difference Between Wet And Dry
Many individuals prefer the meatier flavor of dry-aged steak to that of fresh-cut beef.However, not everyone like the taste of meat that has been dry-aged for an extended period of time.On the other hand, as compared to a dry-aged piece of meat, wet-aged meat may have more powerful, acidic flavors.This is due to the fact that the vacuum sealing procedure prevents the flesh from breathing.
What Is The Difference Between Dry Aged Meat And Wet
Animal carcasses or primal cuts are hung out and exposed to the air at a low temperature during the dry-aging process, which has been practiced for centuries. This procedure can take several weeks or even months to complete. Wet-aging, on the other hand, is the process of packaging beef, vacuum-sealing it, and storing it in the refrigerator shortly after slaughter.
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How To Select Aged Steaks
When comparing dry aged vs wet aged steak, its important to consider the cut and size of the beef thats being aged.
A thick richly marbled steak is better for dry aging. During the dry aging process, meat sheds a lot of moisture and shrinks in size. You need more than a single serving of beef. Generally an entire slab of beef, or at least large cuts, are hung, dried and cut before cooking. Dry aging also involves trimming the top moldy crust of beef prior to cooking which also shrinks its size.
A fairly lean and much smaller steak is better for wet-aged beef.Wet aging is done a single serving at a time. Essentially, the exact cut of beef youll be cooking is what gets wet aged. Theres no size or moisture loss so you don t need a huge piece of beef.
Both aging processes produce a more tender steak but some cuts are better than other for a particular process. here are a few recommendations to try.
Dry Aged: Porterhouse, Bone-In Ribeye, and Bone-In Strip Steaks.
Wet-Aged: Filet Mignon, Flat Iron, Flank and Boneless Strip Steaks.
Keep in mind, dry aged steaks take more time to age and lose mass which makes them more expensive. They also get an earthy flavor the longer they age. Wet aged steaks taste more like traditional beef.
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Bringing It All Together
|Tips when buying aged steak|
|If you are out and about and looking to buy aged steak, remember to check the label. If it does not clearly state it is dry-aged, it is likely that the steak has been wet-aged.The majority of steaks sold commercially are wet-aged.|
Now that we have compared these different aging methods, you are probably wondering which one is better? The truth is, neither is better. Both the wet and dry-aging processes deliver tender and delicious steak.
When people argue that one is better than another, it is purely subjective and based on taste. Meat eaters describe dry-aged steak as having a rich, earthy, nutty, roasted flavor, whereas wet-aged beef tastes more vibrant and fresher but note, it does have a slightly metallic taste as well.
As traditional steak eaters, our preference is to eat USDA Prime meat dry-aged for approximately 21-days. Steak that follows this process gives you a mouth-watering, melt-in-your-mouth texture with just the right depth of flavor. If steak dry-ages for too long, the taste gets a little too strong for our palette.
However, whether you select wet or dry, it all boils down to your personal taste.
Is Wet Aging Beef Worth It
Wet-aging steak is more flavorful when it is served with a lean cut of beef, such as a flat-iron steak, since the steak is less marbled with fat. Beef cut for dry aging begins out considerably thicker than beef cut for wet aging, but it loses a significant amount of weight during the aging process. At the end of the day, they both yield a tender and juicy steak of exceptional quality.
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Dry Aged Vs Wet Aged Steak
Aging beef tenderizes the meat and enhances flavors. If youve had dry aged steak youll know how much of a difference it makes. Flavors are deeper and meat is more tender. Even tough cuts can be improved by aging. But high quality beef, like filets, get so tender you can cut them with a fork. It takes time and money but the result is better meat. There are two main ways to do it, dry aging and wet aging. Dry aging is the older technique. Its been used to age all sorts of meats and cheeses for centuries. Wet aging is a newer method that involves vacuum sealing in plastic bags. Both produce tender beef. So dry aged vs wet aged steak, which is better?
Aging is a way to enhance the steak. Dry aged beef is hung in the open air to dehydrate at a temperature just above freezing. This can also be done in a meat refrigerator. Its left to age for weeks or even months. The steak builds a thick, moldy coating thats cut away before cooking. Steakhouses often show off their dry aged steaks in glass cases so you can pick which one you want. Dry aging is a fantastic way to tenderize beef but should only be done by a professional. The process creates an earthy, nutty flavor. The longer its aged the more pungent the taste.
How To Tell The Difference At A Store
In a fine restaurant, the steak will be labeled as either dry-aged or wet-aged, whereas in a grocery store you may be wondering what kind of aging your steak or beef went through. In general, unless it is labeled otherwise, most of the meat available at stores and markets is wet-aged beef, and it is aged on the way to the market for sale. Because of this, you may be more inclined to enjoy the taste of wet-aged beef over dry-aged as it is quite a different flavor and potentially one that you do not normally associate with beef.
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Can You Wet Age Meat After It Has Been Frozen
Wet aging is a relatively recent method of aging. Simply vacuum wrap your meat and store it in the refrigerator for 7 to 28 days is all that is required. The enzymes are still at work breaking down the tissue, and the bag keeps out any outside air to prevent the tissue from being contaminated. This is a lot more straightforward procedure that may be performed on frozen meat.
The Best Ways To Prepare Aged Steaks
Dry aged and wet aged steaks are both cooked the same way on either the grill, in a cast iron skillet or the oven. Generally, the best steaks are cooked simply with just pepper and salt for flavor. But you can add other seasonings, rubs or sauces if you like.
Let dry aged steak thaw at room temperature for at least 30-60 minutes before cooking. Let wet-aged steaks rest for around 30 minutes so it can reach room temperature. Dont cook them right out of the fridge.
Sear both sides of your steak first with very high heat and then cook the inside on lower heat. I like to baste my steaks with butter in a skillet after searing.
Once your meat is ready to cook, follow these steps:
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The Aging Room Dry Aging Chamber
The Aging Room Chamber offers a natural way of dry-aging steak while showcasing the process in a beautiful environment. This patented dry-aging chamber is equipped with an illuminated wall made of Himalayan salt bricks. Not only are you showcasing the dry-aged steak, but the beautiful display will draw more customers and raise the status of your restaurant.
Which Tastes Better
After all this, which tastes better? Its really a matter of preference combined with other discriminating characteristics such as cut and marbling. Generally, richly marbled steaks such as T-Bones, Porterhouses, or Bone-In Ribeye steaks are best choices for dry aging, while leaner cuts such as Filet Mignon, Boneless Strip or Flat-Iron steaks are solid choices for wet aging.
At Sterling Pacific Meat Company, we offer both types of aging depending on chef taste and preparation preferences, combined with supply chain and price point needs for restaurant chains.
Because of its ubiquitousness and cost-effectiveness, most of us have come to associate the flavor of steak with wet aging and many people have not ever tried dry aged steaks. Some may even find dry aged steaks less palatable due to a stronger blue cheese type of flavor and having become so accustomed to wet aging. However, should you have the opportunity, you should definitely give dry aged beef a try. It costs more and is harder to find, but its an age old custom that many chefs around the world still prefer before vacuum packaging and a rush of cost-saving measures were introduced.
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What Is Dry Brining
Last but not least, we have the process of dry brining steaks. Contrary to the previous methods, no vacuum sealed bags are needed for dry brining. You basically just need two components: a refrigerator and a good amount of salt!
Start by salting a steak 4 hours to 3 days prior to grilling and leaving it in your fridge completely uncovered. Due to the process referred as osmosis, the salt will first extract moisture from the steak. Subsequently, the salt will dissolve into the moisture and finally re-enter the steak. On the inside, the salted moisture will break down connective tissue. Not only will your steak be considerably more tender, but it will also have great improvements in flavor. To top it off, your steak will have a lovely dark red color!
How Long To Age
Our friends over at the artofmanliness did an amazing article on the subject. While the most common timeframe for a steak to be dry-aged is 30 days, a handful of very high-end restaurants can age up to 240 days. A steak aged this long is not for everyone since it has a very funky flavor and its also very expensive, so it is for someone who enjoys the intense beef flavor. For that, we recommend sticking to 30 days aged beef because it is the most commonly requested age in steak.
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How To Dry Age Beef
Hanging meat to dry-age is a process of leaving the beef in a cool area for two weeks or more.
The aging is done at 35-40 degrees Fahrenheit and can go up to 60 days, depending on how much time you want to spend with your beef.
This allows enzymes in the meat to break down tough connective tissues, so the beef is more tender, flavorful, and juicy.
After the aging process is complete, you can refrigerate or freeze your fresh meat to preserve it for a longer time if needed.
Drying age beef has been practiced since ancient times because without refrigeration.
This method was an effective way of preserving meat in climates where temperatures were too high to allow for safe food storage.
Overview Of Wet Aged Steak Vs Dry Aged Steak
Both processes enhance the taste and texture of the meat creating flavors that are very different. Ultimately, when it comes to eating a high quality cut of beef that has been dry aged properly there really is no competition. The steak is richer, tastier and more tender. At the end of the day, its a matter of personal preference to find the flavor you prefer.
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